What is APA Referencing Style?
APA or American Psychological Association referencing style is one of the popular and worldwide utilized referencing styles. It is also called an author-date style. Recently, the 6th edition of APA referencing style is utilized across the world. APA referencing style has different kinds of usage, along with its in-citation procedure. In APA style, references are always placed in a hanging order. All formats, reference guides, and rules of in-citation are discussed here.
APA Referencing Guide:
For a single author based
APA referencing is done through providing the last name of Author, initials of the first name of Author. (Publication year). Name of the book, or journal, and page numbers.
Durdin, J. (1991). They Became Nurses: A History of Nursing in South Australia, 1836-1980 (pp. 139-42). Sydney: Allen & Unwin.
For two authors based referencing
The last names of the authors with their first name's initials should be separated by Ampersand, but not "and." The Year of publication will be written within the bracket. The Rest system is the same as used for single authorship based APA referencing style.
Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2009). International differences in nursing research, 2005–2006. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 41(1), 44-53.
For APA in-text referencing of three to seven authors
All the names are arranged in a list with their last names, and here first initials are separated with commas. Ampersand signs are used here while writing the last name of the writer. The Year of publication should be bracketed. The name of the book or journal is written in Italics in APA referencing style. Page numbers are situated at the end of references in APA referencing.
For referencing of more than seven authors
In this time, the initial six authors names are written usually, but after the sixth writer's name, ellipses are used, and after ellipses, the last Author's name is provided. In this case, no ampersand should be used before the final Author's name. The Year of publication is written here within the bracket. Book or journal names should be placed with italics in such APA referencing.
Lenthall, S., Wakerman, J., Opie, T., Dunn, S., MacLeod, M., Dollard, M., ... & Knight, S. (2011). The Nursing workforce in very remote Australia, characteristics, and critical issues. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 19(1), 32-37.
Online source referencing style:
Here the last name of authors and initial of the first name should be connected by providing comma. The name of the e-book or web-based journal needs to write in Italics. Retrieved day, month, and years should be in numerals. URL will be paste at the end.
Hawkings, T. (2015). Professor Hawking’s website. Retrieved 6 May 2016, from hawking.org.uk
In APA referencing style, Digital Object Identifier providing is highly recommended to make the long-term link of the online pages.
APA in-text Referencing Procedure:
For a single author, the Author's surname and publication year should be placed within a bracket when referencing is placed at the end of a sentence in APA in-text referencing style. If this in-text referencing is used during the beginning of a sentence arrangement will be The surname of Author, (publication year).
For two to three authors, surnames will be written with commas and publication year within a bracket at the end of the sentence. If we want to put this referencing at the beginning of the sentence, the pattern will be the same as single author APA in-text referencing.
For making references of more than three authors, in APA in-text citation procedure, it needs the surname of the first Author with et al. in italics and Year of publication. The comma will be placed within these two.
How to Present APA Referencing List:
There are some rules listed below to provide the APA referencing list at the end of the Assignment.
- All of the references will be entered with a hanging indent. In this system, every line after completion of the first line should be moved in the right in APA referencing list.
- After assembling all the references, these should be arranged Alphabetically, starting from the name of the first Author.
- APA referencing list should be double spaced
APA Referencing Monash:
In the history of the referencing procedure, there are two standard methods. Commonly in APA referencing style, Authors' names and publication years are provided within the essay. At the end of the article, all the references are listed. This style is called APA referencing Monash.
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